What is Ebola in Children?
Ebola fever (hemorrhagic) in children is a particularly dangerous acute viral infectious disease, which in all cases is severe, with hemorrhagic syndrome. High death rate, especially among children.
The infection is carried by rodents that live next to humans: mice, rats, etc. There have been cases of infection from eating the monkey brain and from opening corpses of chimpanzees living in the wild. A sick person, regardless of age and stage of the disease, is dangerous to others.
Ebola fever is transmitted to children in the following ways:
The virus is found in the saliva of a sick baby, in the blood, urine, it can also be present in semen (in adolescents). People become infected by caring for the sick. The virus is transmitted by household means – through household items and unwashed hands, as well as through medical tools. The probability of infection within the family is from 3% to 17%, and with a nosocomial form of the disease – even higher!
The susceptibility of people to the Ebola virus is high regardless of their age and gender. Immunity formed after recovery is relatively high. A person can get sick again with rare cases – less than 5%. There is a possibility of erased or subclinical forms of the disease, because in those areas where the virus “walks”, antibodies to Ebola are often found in the blood of the population – in 7-10% of children and adults.
Ebola virus in children is common in Central and West Africa:
- Central African Republic
In the spring and summer months, the incidence rate is highest. Today, outbreaks of the virus are recorded in other countries of the world.
Causes of Ebola in Children
Ebola fever in children provokes Ebolavirus of the genus Marburgvirus of the Filoviridae family. This is a large virus. The shape of the virion can be branching, filiform, arachnid, its length is about 12 thousand nm. In the composition of the virus, 7 proteins are observed. In structure, the Ebola and Marburg viruses are identical, but their antigenic structure is different. According to the antigenic properties of glycoproteins, 4 serotypes of Ebola virus are distinguished, of which three cause diseases in children and adolescents.
The virus is highly variable. To environmental factors, stability is average. The virus can be affected by humidity, sunlight, etc., destroying it to some extent.