What is Urticaria in Children?
Urticaria – groups of diseases in which a common symptom is an urticaria element on the skin and itching of different intensities, all elements are reversible. With these diseases, the vascular permeability of the microvasculature increases and acute edema develops in the area that surrounds these vessels.
Forms of urticaria in children:
- acute (less than 6 weeks)
- chronic (more than 6 weeks)
Types of urticaria in children:
- temperature (caused by exposure to low or high temperature)
- Quincke’s edema (angioedema)
Allergic urticaria is an allergic disease in children and adults, which is manifested by urticaria on the skin. This type of urticaria can be caused by medication, food, plant pollen, hymenoptera poison, or house dust.
Allergic urticaria in children often appears with respiratory allergies – bronchial asthma or allergic rhinitis.
Idiopathic urticaria is a disease of unknown origin, which is characterized by urticaria on the skin. Rashes are often torpid to standard antiallergic therapy, the course is persistent.
Temperature urticaria is a disease that is caused by exposure to low and high temperatures on the body. The character may be generalized or localized. Rashes are accompanied by an itch. Quincke’s edema often appears along with this disease.
Cholinergic urticaria is a disease that manifests itself in small, urtical multiple elements on the skin of a child. The most common cause is physical activity.
Dermatographic urticaria is a disease in which linear urinary elements and hyperemia appear on the skin. The cause is always mechanical irritation. The rash is localized in the skin folds or places where the child is crushed by clothing.
Vibratory urticaria is a rare type of urticaria caused by mechanical vibration.
Contact urticaria is a type of urticaria that can be caused by many pharmacological, biological, and other causes. With this disease, it is important to eliminate contact with the aggravating factor and prescribe a diet without including possible allergens in the diet.
Causes of Urticaria in Children
Acute urticaria is more common in children with atopic diseases. Urticaria in children can cause nutritional causes. This is the use of milk, wheat, eggs, seafood, fruits, honey, nuts, citrus fruits, food additives and smoked products.
Urticaria can be triggered by the use of drugs: antibiotics, sulfonamides, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, radiopaque drugs, B vitamins, anticonvulsants.